Ezekial Logan – Indiana Representative, Senator, Inn keeper, Justice of the Peace, and Distiller.
Ezekial Logan’s grave marker at Kossuth cemetery. Image via find a grave.
Ezekial Logan was born in Kentucky Feb. 25 1796 and came to Washington County Indiana around 1811 after his father William Garrot Logan I (in 1809) and brother William Garrot Logan II. At some point, later he opened an Inn and Distillery for traveling stockmen on the way to Millport from which he would build his early success. In those days, the word Inn had an entirely different meaning than it does now as an Inn might provide anything from sleeping quarters to food, to whiskey and brandy, to women, just depending upon the tastes and preferences of the clientele. Ezekial’s brother William also ran a distillery nearby and being located near Kossuth and Walnut Ridge they were in good company as reported by The Centennial History of Washington County:
There were distilleries in operation in almost every neighborhood in the township from 1818 till 1860 Almost every farmer had a good sized orchard and fruit was mostly made into brandy Every flat boat that floated down the river had aboard more or less brandy or whisky Dempsey Rice operated one in the southwest corner of the township William Logan one near Kossuth George and Philip Hattabough one each at Plattsburg Samuel Brown one on the old Rice place George Housh one on the old Elliott place Ezekiel Logan one on George Pugh’s place and Thomas Denney one just north of Logan’s Then William Laine William Warriner Reuben Shields and Mathew Robinson each had distilleries down on Delaney’s creek
Remaining marker for George Brock located on his farm not far from Logan’s Inn and farm.
It should also be mentioned that these distilleries were all within about a mile of John Fleenor and George Brocks distilleries respectfully and it seems as though a lot of liquor was being produced just north of Salem, which is as to be expected given its proximity to a navigable water route heading South.
The Centennial History also gives us an outlay of the costs associated with a stay at such an Inn:
Hotel keepers paid an annual license ranging from ten to fifteen dollars and the county commissioners regulated their rates For meals the charge was twenty five cents whisky twelve and one half cents per half pint brandy eighteen and three fourths cents per half pint French brandy and wine thirty seven and one half cents per half pint cider and beer twelve and one half cents per pint porter per bottle or quart thirty seven and one half cents lodging twelve and one half cents oats or corn twelve and one half cents per half gallon horse to hay per night twenty five cents The charges all being uniform the landlord who gave the best accou modations stood the best show of securing the public patronage They were all very polite and accommodating to their guests
The Son In Law and successor of Logan. Peugh Cemetery Salem Indiana. Image via Find A Grave.
As one could imagine the situation was probably somewhat similar to that of the Beck’s Mill/Hells Half Acre area previously discussed as I am sure the stockmen traveling through the area as well as the flatboaters were of a pretty rough crowd. Another interesting story related to the local area is that of a counterfeiter who came to town in the winter of 1852-53, a time at which Mr. Logan was Justice of the Peace.
Amongst Ezekial’s other accolades were his several terms as Indiana state Representative and Senator
Image courtesey of Jeremy Elliott. Washington County Historian
It is the legacy of Ezekiel Logan that he would leave one of the longest lasting lineages of the distillers of Washington County by passing the trade and presumably the distillery to one of the last distillers in the county, his grandson (by way of the marriage of Spencer Peugh to Jane Logan) George D Peugh who’s distillery is listed alongside Henry Robertson (Clifty/Cave River) in the in-Indiana State Gazetteer business directory 1884-1885.
The Grave of George D. Peugh at Crown Hill Cemetery Salem, IN. Very near Lee Sinclair’s mausoleum.